Monday, May 25, 2020
Marijuana has been and continues to be a topic of major discussion in the United States. Until recently marijuana was only available in select states to people who have legitimate medical conditions and whose doctors believe that they could benefit from marijuana use. Recently however, both Colorado and Washington have both passed legislation allowing the sale and use of marijuana for recreational purposes for adults 21 years of age and older. These recreational marijuana legislations hold major implications regarding the future of marijuana and its legality in the United States. While this new legislation may be scary to some, I welcome the legalization of marijuana for recreational use for a number of different reasons. For some Pot is perceived to be an incredibly dangerous drug, on the same plane as acid, ecstasy and even heroin. So why do people associate marijuana with a substance as dangerous and as addictive as heroin? For a couple of reasons, First of which is the fact that the United States Government Has Scheduled marijuana as a schedule 1 drug. What does that mean you may be asking, well according to justice.gov, Ã¢â¬Å"Schedule I drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. Schedule I drugs are the most dangerous drugs of all the drug schedules with potentially severe psychological or physical dependence. Some examples of Schedule I drugs are: heroin, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD),Show MoreRelatedShould Marijuana Be Legalized?849 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswhether marijuana should be legalized. Around 23 states have legalized marijuana for medical and recreational use. In the state of Illinois, medicinal use of m arijuana has been passed on April 17, 2013. Since January 2014, patients are able to obtain marijuana with a doctor s recommendation. The new debate is whether marijuana should be legalized for the general public as a recreational drug. Although some believe that marijuana is harmless, and that it has beneficial medicinal uses, marijuana shouldRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1715 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMarijuana in Society Cannabis, formally known as marijuana is a drug obtained from the tops, stems and leaves of the hemp plant cannabis. The drug is one of the most commonly used drugs in the world. Only substances like caffeine, nicotine and alcohol are used more (Ã¢â¬Å"MarijuanaÃ¢â¬ 1). In the U. S. where some use it to feel Ã¢â¬Å"highÃ¢â¬ or get an escape from reality. The drug is referred to in many ways; weed, grass, pot, and or reefer are some common names used to describe the drug (Ã¢â¬Å"MarijuanaÃ¢â¬ 1). Like mostRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1489 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescannabis plant or marijuana is intended for use of a psychoactive drug or medicine. It is used for recreational or medical uses. In some religions, marijuana is predominantly used for spiritual purposes. Cannabis is indigenous to central and south Asia. Cannabis has been scientifically proven that you can not die from smoking marijuana. Marijuana should be legalized to help people with medical benefits, econo mic benefits, and criminal benefits. In eight states, marijuana was legalized for recreationalRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1245 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMarijuana is a highly debatable topic that is rapidly gaining attention in society today. Ã Legalizing marijuana can benefit the economy of this nation through the creation of jobs, increased tax revenue, and a decrease in taxpayer money spent on law enforcement. Ã Ã Many people would outlaw alcohol, cigarettes, fast food, gambling, and tanning beds because of the harmful effects they have on members of a society, but this is the United States of America; the land of the free and we should give peopleRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1010 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe legalization of marijuana became a heated political subject in the last few years. Twenty-one states in America have legalized medical marijuana. Colorado and Washington are the only states where marijuana can be purchased recreationally. Marijuana is the high THC level part of the cannabis plant, which gives users the Ã¢â¬Å"highÃ¢â¬ feeling. There is ample evidence that supports the argument that marijuana is beneficial. The government should legalize marijuana recreationally for three main reasonsRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1350 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespolitics in the past decade would have to be the legalization of marijuana. The sale and production of marijuana have been legalized for medicinal uses in over twenty states and has been legalized for recreational uses in seven states. Despite the ongoing support for marijuana, it has yet to be fully legalized in the federal level due to cultural bias against Ã¢â¬Å"potÃ¢â¬ smoking and the focus over its negative effects. However, legalizing marijuana has been proven to decrease the rate of incrimination in AmericaRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1231 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesshows the positive benefits of marijuana, it remains illegal under federal law. In recent years, numerous states have defied federal law and legalized marijuana for both recreational and medicinal use. Arizona has legalized marijuana for medical use, but it still remains illegal to use recreationally. This is absurd, as the evidence gathered over the last few decades strongly supports the notion that it is safer than alcohol, a widely available substance. Marijuana being listed as a Schedule I drugRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized? Essay1457 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSHOULD MARIJUANA BE LEGALIZED? Marijuana is a drug that has sparked much controversy over the past decade as to whether or not it should be legalized. People once thought of marijuana as a bad, mind-altering drug which changes a personÃ¢â¬â¢s personality which can lead to crime and violence through selling and buying it. In the past, the majority of citizens believed that marijuana is a harmful drug that should be kept off the market and out of the hands of the public. However, a recent study conductedRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?1596 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages But what needs to be known before a user can safely and completely make the decision if trying Marijuana is a good idea? Many do not want the drug to be legalized because they claim that Cannabis is a Ã¢â¬Å"gateway drugÃ¢â¬ , meaning it will cause people to try harder drugs once their body builds up a resistance to Marijuana, because a stronger drug will be needed to reach a high state. This argument is often falsely related to the medical si de of the debate over legalization. It is claimed that this wouldRead MoreShould Marijuana Be Legalized?985 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLegalize Marijuana Despite what people believe about marijuana, it hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t once proved to be the cause of any real issue. It makes you wonder what the reason as to why there is a war on drugs. Why is marijuana the main concern? Since the time that alcohol and tobacco became legal, people wonder why marijuana isnÃ¢â¬â¢t legal yet. The fact that marijuana is illegal is mainly caused by the amount of money, jobs, and pride invested in the drug war. Once the government starts anything, they stick to it. At
Thursday, May 14, 2020
In ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Alastor, the Narrator evaluates the poet, showing an attempt to define and critique the role of the poet. It can be alleged that Alastor anticipated A Defence of PoetryÃ¢â¬â¢s intent in defining the role of the poet. Examining his prose closely, this will prove to be true and there will be a realistic definition of the role of the poet. The poet is one who binds the forces of the imagery and the senses into a beautiful wholeness of words along the page. Poets comprehend the cosmos in a way others yearn to and envision its grandeur. It can be acquired by reading Alastor that to obtain this specific sight, one must submit to a lifetime of solitude. However, it also accentuates the point that one must not engulf themselves in solitude, for it will become self-destructive. This brings the issue of the ambivalence of Alastor and how it defines the purpose, nevertheless, justly discover the perils of it. The Narrator speaks to the reader, describing the poetÃ¢â¬â¢s journey, and evaluating the poetÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions concerning his life. The reader is ultimately observing the poet through the Narrator, which leads to lack of an objective view. Magarian (1998: 77) argues that: Ã¢â¬ËThe reader does not have recourse to an objective framework within which the Poet can be placed as our apprehension of his is shaped by the subjectivities of the narratorÃ¢â¬â¢s perceptionsÃ¢â¬â¢. This will be considered when examining Alastor and its ambivalence. The definition will not be strictly from the Narrator,Show MoreRelatedPercy Bysshe Shelley : Nature Poet Guided By A Rebellious Heart1918 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesLyons | 1 Percy Bysshe Shelley: Nature Poet Guided by a Rebellious Heart Percy Bysshe Shelley?s early life followed by his expulsion from Oxford led him down a path of rebellion fueled by an overwhelming love of nature. He included nature in just about everything he wrote, which was typical for a good Romantic poet. He disdained law and order and thought government should not rule over the people. His form of rebellion was written, and it encompassed highly political and sensitive topics. He wasRead MoreMetamorphoses Within Frankenstein14861 Words Ã |Ã 60 PagesThe Critical Metamorphoses of Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Frankenstein You must excuse a trif ling d eviation, From Mrs. ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s marvellous narration Ã¢â¬â from th e musical Frankenstein; or, The Vamp ireÃ¢â¬â¢s Victim (1849) Like ColeridgeÃ¢â¬â¢ s Ancient Mariner , who erupts into Mary Sh elleyÃ¢â¬â¢s text as o ccasionally and inev itably as th e Monster into Victor FrankensteinÃ¢â¬â¢s lif e, Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometh eus passes, like night, from land to land and w ith stang ely ad aptable powers of speech Read MoreStylistic Potential of the English Noun16714 Words Ã |Ã 67 Pages-30 1.5.4 Stylistic potential of the category of article determination -34 Chapter Two. Analysis of examples taken from fiction on the basis of considered theoretical phenomena -42 2.1 Analysis of the examples regarding the category of gender -43 2.2 Analysis of the examples regarding the category of number -53 2.3 Analysis of the examples regarding the category of case -55 2.4 Analysis of the examples regarding the category of article determination
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Company Profile Company Name: Vault-Tec Storage, Inc. Address: 899 Portland St Dartmouth, NS B2W 2N4 Twitter Handle: @VaultTecStorage Upper Management: Rahib Ahmad Ã¢â¬â CEO Sean Reardon Ã¢â¬â COO Peter Smith Ã¢â¬â CFO General Staff: General Manager (from year 3 onwards) Sales Representative Sales Representative (from year 3 onwards) Sales Representative (from year 4 onwards) Overview: Vault-Tec Storage is a self-storage facility that allows customers to store their excess items when they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have space for them. With a convenient location just minutes away from Highway 111, Vault-Tec is easy to access regardless of your residence. Sizes are available from 25 square feet up to 200 square feet, and there are even options for climateÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦One of the reasons behind this structure is due to our high cost of capital. With a high cost comes a high level of liability. By incorporating, we remove the liability from ourselves, and rather put it on the entity that is the corporation. Another reason why we decided to incorporate, more specifically as a private corporation, was so we could follow the Accounting Standards for Private Enterprises (ASPE), instead of the public standard, the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). With our initial financial position, itÃ¢â¬â¢s best that transparency isnÃ¢â¬â¢t required, as that could worry investors. We have a long term plan for our company, so we donÃ¢â¬â¢t need investors who only worry about the quarter to quarter earnings. It has been shown by John Asker, a professor at UCLA, that public corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s investment decisions are influenced by short-term issues. With the high upfront cost, selling equity to raise capital is certainly an option. With a private corporation, we can sell shares, but still control them, as they are not publicly traded. This allows the 3 founding members to control who has stakes in the company, rather than open it up. Our future plans to expand the business after we have maximized our profit at this location would be to franchise. When we gain brand recognition, we can look into other markets and try to capitalize on our brand. Maritimes expansion would be the first step, with potential locations in
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Contemporary Issues in Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Answer: Introduction Organisations worldwide face various types of problems and issues that hinder their long-term growth and development. In this regard, wicked problems can be referred to as the issues faced by the organisation that does not have a definite solution and are rather complex to be resolved. Wicked problems hamper the future success and survival of an organisation and thus need to be resolved through the application of creative and innovative Solutions (Contemporary Government Challenges, 2007). The present report, in this regard, aims to critically analyse and examine the wicked problem faced by 7-Eleven organisation. It investigates and evaluates the effectiveness of the organisations strategy in addressing the solution of the problem. In addition to this, the relevance of the organisational solution to the problem with the contemporary entrepreneurship and innovation issues is discussed in detail in the report. The recommendations to incorporate the entrepreneurial thinking for improvin g the proposed solution of the organisation is also provided in the report. Discussion of the problem and the opportunity or solution Description of the wicked problem faced by 7-Eleven Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) is becoming one of the most critical problem faced by corporations in Australia. This is due to the rapid increase in the rate of employees exploitation at workplaces in the country (Safety A Wicked Problem, 2010). The problem of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) has faced by 7-Eleven Stores Pty Ltd, a franchise of the US based 7-Eleven Inc, operating its convenience stores in Australia. The problem of OHS was highlighted when a large number of employees of the company raised their allegations against their exploitation by the senior management in the convenience stores. The employees were largely underpaid and were also threatened by the senior managers at the workplace for compelling them to work for longer durations (Karp, 2016). The employees working in the franchise stores were largely international students who were subjected to face physical violence and abuse at the workplace. The head office of the convenience stores in Australia was also reluctant to address the complaints of the employees against the misconduct of the employers (Ferguson et al., 2015). The problem of employees safety and protection occurred in 7-Eleven convenience stores can be referred to as occupational health and safety wicked problem. The resolution of the problem requires the senior management to introduce safety framework that demonstrates the Code of Conduct required to be followed by both the employers and employees. The development of an effective solution to the problem is very complex and requires highly creative solutions. The employers need to gain an in-depth understanding of the various domains of health and safety to develop effective guidelines of Code of Conduct for ensuring employees protection . Occupational safety of employees at the workplace requires systemic thinking by all the levels of an organization (Marginson et al., 2010). It involves analysing and examining of the organisations microsystems and the external ecosystems of an individual communities and societies. The key stakeholders of 7-Eleven that should be involved in the developmen t of a creative solution for ensuring employees well-being at the workplace are management and the communities. This is due to their larger involvement in identifying the roles and responsibilities of an individual within the organisation and in the society. Thus, the development of an effective solution to employees safety as a wicked problem requires the application and integration of holistic and systematic approaches requiring collaboration among all the key stakeholders (Pardeck, 2015). The wicked problem of employees safety is being addressed by the Australia corporations through the implementation of Fair Work Act. The laws and regulations of the act mainly govern the relationship between employer and employees in the country. It promotes the introduction of fair work practices and prevention of employees discrimination by the employers (Rogers, 2010). However, the occurrence of wicked problem regarding the employees safety and protection at 7-Eleven highlighted the significance of systematic thinking and developing innovative solutions for ensuring employees well-being at workplaces. The occurrence of such a wicked problem has negatively impacted its brand reputation worldwide and thus raised concerns for the company to develop an effective and creative solution to prevent the occurrence of such issues in the future context (Stricter laws for franchisors? Responses to the 7-eleven wage scandal, 2016). The implementation of a safety framework for safeguarding the protection of all employees is the major challenge present before all the key stakeholders of 7-Eleven. It requires mindfulness of all the stakeholders for attempting to solve the wickedness of safety and well-being of employees (7-Eleven Scandal an Ethical Failure of Leadership, 2013). The development of a creative solution can be achieved effectively through design-thinking that strives to examine all the sides of a potential solution and requires key stakeholders to think out-of-the-box. However, design-thinking is a very complex approach and requires huge mental efforts from the stakeholders in order to think systematically and creatively (Abbing, 2010). The identification of the causes responsible for exploitation of employees at workplaces is the main challenge present before the stakeholders of 7-Eleven. This is due to lack of complete information about the various environmental, cultural and social issues responsib le for the abuse of employees at 7-Eleven. Thus, it can be said that the problem of employees safety and well-being occurred in the company is a wicked problem due to the complexity involved in the development of an effective solution. Critical Analysis of the Solution, Commercialisation or Opportunity The occurrence of wicked problem relating to employee safety and well-being at the convenience stores of 7-Eleven has caused its head office to pay huge penalties for non-complying with the employment laws of the country. The employers misconduct at franchisees is interrogated by Fair Work Ombudsman of Australia that ordered the employers to pay the employees $ 90,000 as a part of their owned wages. This scandal has negatively impacted the goodwill of the company across the borders and thus caused the necessity for its head office to commercialise a solution for the problem in order to overcome from its negative effects. The head-office of the convenience stores in Australia developed an independent investigation panel for identifying the causes of the occurrence of the wicked problem of employee safety in its franchisees. The investigation panel conducted the store audits, enhanced payroll and introduced major changes in the business model of the franchises (Hardy, 2015). These chan ges include implementation of mandatory training sessions for the senior managers of the franchises to provide them an in-depth knowledge about the standard business practices and procedures that should be followed by them. It also included maintaining of an appropriate wages record keeping system as a clear evidence of the remuneration provided by the company to the employees. This was followed by the termination of the chief executives and major shareholders of the company by the head office (Sun, 2015). The independent panel developed holds the responsibility of ensuring that underpaid employees receive their full entitlements. Also, there has been the introduction of a whistleblower hotline by the company for facilitating employees to address their grievances to the senior management without any fear. The chairman of the company has taken full authoritative control over the problem and commercialized a solution through the utilisation of external expertise for rectifying the impacts and preventing the occurrence of such problem in the future (Rodan, 2016). The organisations strategy for addressing the wicked problem of employees safety at its workplace seems to be effective but also have some limitations. The limitations include lack of implementation of a safety framework for ensuring that franchises in Australia are complying with their legal obligations towards the employees. This is of extreme importance for protecting the interests of the employees and maximizing their welfare at the workplaces. The introduction of safety framework for ensuring employees well-being need restructuring of the organisational structure for its implementation at all levels. The safety framework can be introduced through development of proper code of conduct that guidelines the behaviour of all the key stakeholders of the company. The stakeholders should be made aware of consequences of breaching the code of conduct in advance (Walsh, n.d.). The safety framework introduced need to be continually monitored and reviewed for identifying any type of misconduct from employers. This can be ensured by the timely audit and adoption of policies encouraging feedback from the employees. The external audits should also take into account the feedback from the employees so that they are able to directly report any type of misconduct from the employers. Thus, 7-Eleven need to link its organisational strategy with the contemporary concepts of entrepreneurship for reforming its overall business model. The companys solution to the problem has incorporated some contemporary concepts such as introducing of whistle-blower hotline and seeking help from external expertise for reviewing and addressing the problem (Rodan, 2016). However, the solution needs to be reformed with its strategic alignment with the concepts of entrepreneurship so that such complex wicked problems can be prevented to occur in the future (Spinelli and McGowan, 2013). Thu s, all these organisational changes need to be introduced in the business model of 7-Eleven for proposing solution to wicked problem of employee safety at its workplace. Recommendations 7-Eleven has although addressed the wicked problem of employees safety in the workplace but the commercial solution developed by the company has some limitations as discussed above. These limitations can be addressed effectively through incorporation of contemporary entrepreneurship and innovation issues such as entrepreneurial thinking and transformative innovation. The wicked problems occurring in an organisation are rather difficult to solve due to their complexity and requiring innovation in the overall business structure (Spinelli and McGowan, 2013). The problem of employees grievances at 7-Eleven regarding underpayment and physical violence comes under Occupational Safety Health (OHS) issues in Australia that is characterised as a wicked problem due to its complex nature. In this context, it is highly significant for 7-Eleven to think creatively and bring large scale innovation changes in its business model. This involves entrepreneurial thinking by the senior management of the company. Entrepreneurial thinking involves introduction of such work practices that promotes productivity of employees (Hicks, 2004). The employees should feel safe and secure at the workplace for maximising their productivity. The productive employees increase the organisational effectiveness through optimising its profitability and sales. This can be done through adoption of safety framework at the convenience stores of 7-Eleven that provides the code of conduct need to be followed by both the employers and employees. Entrepreneurial thinking involves gaining a proper understanding of the importance of strengthening the brand image of the company through ensuring workplace protection of employees (Hicks, 2004). Thus, the senior management of 7-Eleven needs to understand that violence and unsafe working conditions reduce employees morale as well as productivity. Thus, they should develop a safer and non-threatening work environment through the development of proper code of conduct. Employees security can be safeguarded though introduction of proper risk assessment and prevention strategies as a part of the safety framework of the company. Risk assessment involves carrying out a safety audit that includes detailed examination of workplace related risks that can impact the well-being of employees (Martin, 2009). This will help in the identification of any type of fraudulent practices such as employees were compelled to work for longer hours in the 7-Eleven convenience stores. Prevention strategies involves imparting proper training to the employees on all safety and security procedures including the reporting authority to be addressed if they are subjected to any type of physical violence at t he workplace. This also involves providing knowledge to the employees regarding their rights and duties so that they do not suffer any exploitation from the employers as that faced by the company previously. The development of a safety framework that defines the code of conduct, risk assessment and prevention strategies require creative thinking at all the level of the company. It is possible with application of concepts of entrepreneurial thinking that emphasises on design-thinking. Design-thinking process can be categorised as a four step process that involves identification of the opportunity area, developing creative solution, implementing the solution developed practically and reviewing the results obtained (Ouden, 2011). Thus, the introduction of safety framework must be followed by its continuous evaluation for examining its effectiveness to ensure employees protection by the company. Thus, entrepreneurial thinking should be incorporated as a part of organisational solution to the wicked problem of employees safety and protection at its workplace. 7-Eleven also need to incorporate some transformational changes in its problem-solving approach to the wicked problem of employees safe ty. The adoption of a systematic problem-solving approach is very essential to change the business model and eventually leading to organisational growth and success (Grnig and Khn, 2009). The application of problem-solving approach is critical for the business model of 7-Eleven to combat with issues related to employees welfare and protection. The development of a problem-solving approach is very critical in implementing proactive measures so that corrective steps can be taken to mitigate the occurrence of such issues in the future. It involves developing solution for a problem by taking into account all the existing opportunities for effectively resolving a problem. The first step involves defining exactly the nature of the problem and identifying its root cause of occurrence. This is followed by developing possible strategies for addressing the problem and selection of the most appropriate strategy for resolving the problem in context (Liedtka et al., 2013). The last step of the process involves measuring the outcome achieved and its continual review by the management of the company. Fair Work Act in Australia regulates and monitors all the policies related to employee protection. The government of the country needs need reform the act through the implementation of problem-solving approach that mandates workplaces to be ethically and legally responsible for the employees conditions. These policies should be supported by considerable threat of legal liability or reputational damage. Transformative innovation is the strategic key for resolving the wicked and complex problems such as of employees safety at workplace (Walsh, n.d.). The management of 7-Eleven also needs to consider the impact of ecosystems on the employees well-being. The management must gain an appropriate understanding of the role of an individual in the communities and societies while developing safety framework for employees welfare. The organisational behaviour of employees is highly influenced by the environment and the existing communities. Thus, employers need to implement and adopt social work practices that aim at protecting its existing environment and communities (Pardeck, 2015). The protection of ecosystems eventually leads to sustainable growth of an organisation through ensuring protection of all its ley stakeholders. In this regard, it is highly important for 7-Eleven to understand that the performance of employees is interrelated with the ecological system. The scandal of 7-Eleven revealed that threatening is made to the families of the employees overseas. This further caused employees of the company to raise their voices agains t the misconduct of the employers that negatively impacted the brand reputation of 7-Eleven (Brandsttter and Eliasz, 2001). Therefore, in order to overcome from the occurrence of such issues in the future, the management needs to understand that employees well-being is directly related with their macro and micro ecosystems. Micro- ecosystem comprises of working environment of the organisation and the macro-ecosystems consist of their interaction with the external environment and communities. The employers also hold the responsibility of developing a safe and healthy work environment wherein employees feel secured and motivated to perform their job role (Brandsttter and Eliasz, 2001). The employees at 7-Eleven were also enforced to work for longer durations than their normal working hours. In addition to this, they were also subjected to physical violence from the employers at the work places. Thus, senior management of the company should develop safety policies to improve its working environment so that the employees feel secured at the workplace. The micro and macro-ecosystems plays a critical role in en hancing the performance of the employees and ensuring their well-being at workplaces (Pardeck, 2015). The implementation of an ecological approach defines a new perspective for developing solution to the wicked problem of employees safety for 7-Eleven. It emphasises on the adoption of effective social work intervention for maximising the employees welfare. It provides an integrative approach to the managers of the company for addressing and resolving the problems related to occupational safety of employees (Pardeck, 2015). The employers need to adopt the work practices that ensure the protection of the employees but also of their ecosystems governing their social functioning including the family, community and the environment. The head office of 7-Eleven needs to ensure that employers are adopting such business practices and procedures that maximise the development of both their micro and macro-ecosystems (Brandsttter and Eliasz, 2001). The implementation and adoption of broader entrepreneurship and innovation issues such as entrepreneurial thinking, transformative innovation and ecological approach as discussed above will facilitate 7-Eleven to address effectively the problem of unethical work practices prevalent in its convenience stores in Australia. These entrepreneurial concepts will facilitate senior managers of the company to develop creative and innovative solutions as employees safety is a wicked problem and thus is very complex. It will help the managers to eliminate the dilemma regarding the development of a solution so that this problem does not occur in the future context. Conclusion Thus, it can be stated from the overall discussion held in the report that the wicked problem of employees safety faced by 7-Eleven is very complex in nature and thus possess difficulty in front of the managers to get it resolved. The problem occurred due to the adoption of unethical work practices by in the franchisee stores of the company in Australia. The company commercialised a solution through introducing major structural changes in its business model and adopting some entrepreneurial concepts such as introduction of whistle-blower hotline for addressing the employee complaints. However, the company need to incorporate entrepreneurial and innovation concepts such as entrepreneurial thinking, transformative solution and ecological approach for addressing the problem in an effective way. The integration of these contemporary entrepreneurial concepts in organisational solution is necessary for preventing the occurrence of wicked problem of employee safety in the future. 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Successful Decision-making: A Systematic Approach to Complex Problems. Springer Science Business Media. Hardy, T. 2015. 7-Eleven: how the franchise system allows exploitation. [Online]. Available at: https://www.watoday.com.au/comment/why-franchise-businesses-seem-to-breed-poor-working-conditions-20150831-gjbf9v [Accessed on: 30 August 2016]. Hicks, M. J. 2004. Problem Solving and Decision Making: Hard, Soft and Creative Approaches. Cengage Learning EMEA. Karp, P. 2016. 7-Eleven workers beaten and forced to pay back wages, Senate inquiry hears. [Online]. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2016/feb/05/7-eleven-workers-beaten-and-forced-to-pay-back-wages-senate-inquiry-hears [Accessed on: 30 August 2016]. Liedtka, J. et al. 2013. Solving Problems with Design Thinking: Ten Stories of What Works. Columbia University Press. Marginson, S. et al. 2010. International Student Security. Cambridge University Press. Martin, R. L. 2009. 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Pearson Education. Stricter laws for franchisors? Responses to the 7-eleven wage scandal. 2016. [Online]. Available at: https://www.corrs.com.au/publications/corrs-in-brief/stricter-laws-for-franchisors-responses-to-the-7-eleven-wage-scandal/ [Accessed on: 30 August 2016]. Sun, H. 2015. 7-Eleven founder, chief resign in wake of pay scandal. [Online]. Available at: https://www.heraldsun.com.au/business/7eleven-founder-chief-resign-in-wake-of-pay-scandal/news-story/f0823fcf5ea0f274f9b85b3993742bed [Accessed on: 30 August 2016]. Walsh, A. n.d. Should we expect more from lead firms? [Online]. Available at: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/should-we-expect-more-from-lead-firms [Accessed on: 30 August 2016].
Thursday, April 9, 2020
Mao and the Cultural Revolution Paper China in the Cultural Revolution The historically unprecedented great peoples proletarian cultural revolution was a struggle for supremacy within the Chinese communist party which manifested into a wide scale social and political upheaval which brought china in 1966 to the brink of all out civil war. Although millions of people were murdered and tortured during its bloody course the cultural revolution is a chapter of chinaÃ¢â¬â¢s history rarely talked about, its just bad business to bring it up with someone whoÃ¢â¬â¢s buying 26 percent of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s oil and 42% of all concrete produced globally. The Cultural Revolution was a period of vast upheaval and organized vandalism the likes of which had never occurred before, and through historical analysis it is reasonable to conclude that the great Cultural Revolution of 1966-67 was merely a means for Mao Zedong to purge the Chinese Communist Party and consolidate his own personal power. A period of calm and stable economic conservatism had settled over china after the upheaval and fervor of the great leap forward, and with its spectacular failure the moderates inside the CCP gained more power as Mao and his fiercely socialist policies lost considerable support. In this environment of political moderation and conservatism the ailing Mao felt capitalist and elitist ideology was infiltrating the party and the main goals of the 1949 revolution were being abandoned, and that to ensure the future of the communist party and china as a socialist state a reinvigoration of revolutionary spirit among the youths and children of china was necessary. It was from this small struggle to regain control over the party apparatus that a great public movement among students and the urban youth took hold all throughout china, and its destructive effects touched the lives of almost every Chinese person, from its epicenter in Beijing to the furthest provinces in Xiamen. For a little while, Mao disappeared from the centre of Chinese politics, and after his resignation as party secretary he retreated to his own devices to plan his next move against his growing enemies Deng Xiaoping and Zhou Enlai. We will write a custom essay sample on Mao and the Cultural Revolution specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Mao and the Cultural Revolution specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Mao and the Cultural Revolution specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer On August 8, 1966 Mao returned to Beijing in a flurry of energy and revolutionary spirit and published a manifesto of 16 points in which he outlined his intentions for the future of china. Coinciding with this move was a great call to all workers and students to rededicate themselves to unwavering class struggle and eliminate bourgeoisie and upper class thinking and ideals and focus on promoting the virtues of the agrarian proletariat. This opportunity to escape work and indulge in blind ideological hysteria proved very tempting for most Chinese students and by the 16th of October millions of Red Guards, as they were dubbed, flocked to mass rallies in Tiananmen Square, where Mao and Lin Biao made frequent appearances to over 11 million adoring youths. With this call to arms throughout all major institutions Mao enlisted the impressionable and easily led youth of china as his instrument for reimposing his will upon the nation and reshaping it. The revolutionary fervor and blind fanaticism of the red guards was matched by no other in Chinese society, and indoctrinated teenagers all over china rushed to do his bidding and destroy the 4 Olds, the 4 enemies of the continuing revolution as outlined by Mao, old culture, old thoughts, old customs and old habits. In a practical sense Mao had ordained the destruction of religious sites and relics as well as the torture and imprisonment of anyone seen to be an Ã¢â¬Å"enemy of the revolutionÃ¢â¬ . It was in this way that the Cultural Revolution broadened from an internal communist party purge to a mass public movement in line with the self preserving aims of Mao. Giant posters in universities and schools encouraged students to join the struggle against all those who had diverted from the revolutionary path, and in July in a carefully orchestrated propaganda event Mao was seen swimming in the Yangtze River, a move which served to rally further support for the revolution. This specific event touched the hearts of many Chinese and led to serious momentum behind the revolution, in modern terms it is the equivalent of Queen Elizabeth swimming the English channel, and it is easy to see why this great symbolic gesture excited all of china and inspired loyalty and devotion among the Chinese for their appearingly strong and wise leader. Mao took the opportunity of revolution to finally dispose of his political enemies, and it was his newly formed and wildly devoted red guards he used to publicly ridicule and intimidate his opponents both in Beijing and the outer provinces. After a rally held specifically against them and their actions, MaoÃ¢â¬â¢s two main rivals Deng Xiaoping and Lui Shaoqui were both purged, Lui beaten and imprisoned in foul conditions until his death in 1973, and Deng sent to corrective labor in Jiangxi province after witnessing the crippling of his son Pufang at the hands of the Red guards. As the existing student movement was elevated to a mass national campaign, attacks on religious and historical institutions intensified and many churches and temples were looted and destroyed. From the centers of the movement, the universities and schools, red guards took control of towns and cities and were allowed free reign by the police and government to hold Ã¢â¬Ëgreat debatesÃ¢â¬â¢ and rallies and persecute all those with which they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t agree. At this time Red guards were also encouraged to travel to Beijing with free transport and food provided by the government and many took the opportunity to make a pilgrimage to Tiananmen Square to catch a glimpse of their beloved leader. By the end of 1966 Mao had a giant, easily manipulated, blindly devoted and violent army with which he consolidated his rule over the communist party with an iron fist, and at the same time elevated his personal following to almost cult status. In 1967 china MaoÃ¢â¬â¢s word was law, and involvement in some sort of revolutionary activity was the only way to avoid being purged. When analyzing this period of Chinese history many agree that the Cultural Revolution was carefully orchestrated by Mao Zedong himself and that the Red Guard movement grew out of prepared soil. Alongside great cruelty and egotistic mania Mao showed an astute grasp of mass psychology, he knew that the students were the most suggestible and easily manipulated group in Chinese society, and he appealed directly to them to create a vast political instrument with which he could forcefully impose his will upon the whole of china. The Cultural Revolution began to finally wind down in 1969, although many historians argue that it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t finally end until the arrest and subsequent execution of the Ã¢â¬Å"Gang of FourÃ¢â¬ in 1979. The effects of the Cultural Revolution directly or indirectly touched every facet of Chinese society, and the 10 years of organized vandalism and civil unrest brought the education system and economy to a grinding halt. Perhaps never before in human history has a political leader unleashed such massive forces against the system that he created, and it was the Cultural RevolutionÃ¢â¬â¢s aim to ultimately alter the ideological nature and soul of the people which made its effects so chilling. From mid-1973 until Maos death in September 1976, Chinese politics shifted back and forth between Jiang Qing and those who supported her (notably Wang Hongwen, Zhang Chunqiao, and Yao Wenyuan, who with Jiang Qing were later dubbed the Gang of Four,) and the Zhou-Deng group. The former favored ideology, political mobilization, class struggle, anti intellectualism, egalitarianism, and xenophobia, while the latter promoted economic growth, stability, educational progress, and a pragmatic foreign policy. In recent years china has taken steps to rehabilitate the millions of Chinese displaced and formally recognized the full extent of the damage caused by the Cultural Revolution, although any expressions tracing blame back to the CCP are fiercely censored. By conducting unbiased historical analysis and with the benefit of hindsight it is reasonable to conclude that the cultural revolution was nothing more than a vast political and ideological purge which was aimed at eliminating every semblance of tradition, decency and intellectualism, in due course leaving only the divine chairman Mao and a clean slate upon which for him to propound his ideology and political agenda. The Red Guards were not only officially sanctioned but directed by the government, as police were ordered not to interfere in red guard activities and even give them information on Ã¢â¬Ëclass enemiesÃ¢â¬â¢. As John K Fairbank observed, Ã¢â¬Å"The idealistic youngsters who appeared to lead the Cultural Revolution were in fact nothing more than pawns in the power struggle within the CCPÃ¢â¬ . The cultural revolution was nothing more than a desperate purge by an ailing and meglomaniacal leader whose terrible effects are still felt today, and as I mentioned before, is a chapter of history the Chinese would rather forget Ã¢â¬Ë Bibliography Lynch, M. 1998, The Peoples Republic of China Since 1949. 1st edition. London, Hodder and Stoughton. Dures, A. 1988. China since 1949. 1st edition. London, Batsford. Tsou, T. 1986. The Cultural Revolution and post-Mao reforms: a historical perspective. 2nd edition. US, University of Chicago Press. Chen, J. 1975. Inside the Cultural Revolution. 1st edition. University of California, Macmillan books ltd. Esmein, J. 1973. The Chinese Cultural Revolution (translated). La Revolution Culturelle Chinoise. California, Anchor Press. Wikipedia, Wikimedia foundation. 2007. Cultural Revolution (China). Accessed 3 nov 2007. Availble : http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Cultural_Revolution Galduroz, M. 2007 The Cultural Revolution. Available: http://library. thinkquest. org/26469/cultural-revolution/ Various, 2007. The PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Republic of China: III . University of Maryland electronic resource. Available http://www-chaos. umd. edu/history/prc3. html Victorian, R. The Cultural Revolution Available: http://www. fortunecity. com/victorian/riley/787//China/Cultural/Cultural. html
Monday, March 9, 2020
Firestone tires could have avoided many of their legal and public relations problems if theyÃ¢â¬â¢d used the template Johnson and Johnson established in the 1982 Tylenol scare. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s the conclusion reached by Bob Garfield in an article in the August 28, 2000 issue of AdAge. The author compares the similarities of the problems both companies faced, and the differences in the recovery process Johnson and Johnson took in the Tylenol scare versus what Bridgestone/Firestone is doing to combat the negative publicity, and regain their customersÃ¢â¬â¢ trust. In October 1982, several individuals died as a result of Tylenol capsules contaminated with cyanide. In an effort to save lives, Johnson & Johnson, the makers of Tylenol, recalled every single bottle in the country, no matter whether they were on the store shelf or your bathroom shelf. They also shut down all production and distribution of the medication. Johnson & Johnson publicized the recall with full-page newspaper ads and stories on the news. They had an open policy and were willing to answer any questions at the expense of their good name. As stated in the article, it was a public relations nightmare for the company, but Johnson and Johnson had a Ã¢â¬Å"quick and thorough responseÃ¢â¬ , and the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s appreciation of its honesty and an expertly handled ad campaign helped retain most of their customers. Unlike J&J, FirestoneÃ¢â¬â¢s initial reaction to their nightmare did not inspire public trust. A couple of years ago, when dozens of people died in Ford Explorers equipped with Firestone tires, the Bridgestone/Firestone Corp. did not launch an ad campaign to inform, and regain the trust of the public. Instead they launched a mudslinging campaign against Ford that ultimately resulted in the termination of their 100 year old business relationship. In fact, because of their slow action and ne... Free Essays on Firestone Free Essays on Firestone Firestone tires could have avoided many of their legal and public relations problems if theyÃ¢â¬â¢d used the template Johnson and Johnson established in the 1982 Tylenol scare. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s the conclusion reached by Bob Garfield in an article in the August 28, 2000 issue of AdAge. The author compares the similarities of the problems both companies faced, and the differences in the recovery process Johnson and Johnson took in the Tylenol scare versus what Bridgestone/Firestone is doing to combat the negative publicity, and regain their customersÃ¢â¬â¢ trust. In October 1982, several individuals died as a result of Tylenol capsules contaminated with cyanide. In an effort to save lives, Johnson & Johnson, the makers of Tylenol, recalled every single bottle in the country, no matter whether they were on the store shelf or your bathroom shelf. They also shut down all production and distribution of the medication. Johnson & Johnson publicized the recall with full-page newspaper ads and stories on the news. They had an open policy and were willing to answer any questions at the expense of their good name. As stated in the article, it was a public relations nightmare for the company, but Johnson and Johnson had a Ã¢â¬Å"quick and thorough responseÃ¢â¬ , and the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s appreciation of its honesty and an expertly handled ad campaign helped retain most of their customers. Unlike J&J, FirestoneÃ¢â¬â¢s initial reaction to their nightmare did not inspire public trust. A couple of years ago, when dozens of people died in Ford Explorers equipped with Firestone tires, the Bridgestone/Firestone Corp. did not launch an ad campaign to inform, and regain the trust of the public. Instead they launched a mudslinging campaign against Ford that ultimately resulted in the termination of their 100 year old business relationship. In fact, because of their slow action and ne...
Saturday, February 22, 2020
SMOKING AS A HEART DISEASE FACTOR - Essay Example A direct link has been identified between lung cancer and tobacco smoking, as well as other links to respiratory conditions such as bronchitis and emphysema, and to coronary heart diseases (Pocket Dictionary of Biology 1999.) Several clinical trials support these findings as well (Kunz1, Pechlaner, Ho, & Pfister 2005). Smoking increases the risk of developing heart disease and is the leading cause of premature and preventable deaths in the United States alone (Cohen 1999). Smoking is a major risk factor for developing heart disease as it indirectly affects how the heart works and creates an imbalance in the cardiovascular system. For example, smoking causes emphysema, where the lungs lose their elasticity and the individual is often left short of breath. One of the heart's functions is to deliver oxygen, so the reduced surface area in the lungs results in an increased demand for oxygen by the lungs and other muscular organs and tissue. As a result of this increased demand, the heart has to work harder to compensate for this imbalance. If this happens over a long period of time, the heart muscles will weaken and/or change (e.g. heart enlargement, hardening of arteries, fatty deposits) and combined with other risk factors, will lead to heart disease. N The following points summarise the ways in which smoking affects the cardiovascular system. Smoking increases the levels of carbon monoxide which is a poisonous gas. In the long term this gas contributes to the damaged lining of blood vessels and artery hardening (Black 1992). Smoking raises blood levels of fibrinogen which is a clotting agent that causes blood platelets to stick together, increasing the risk of blood clots and blockages in the vascular system (Black 1992). Nicotine raises blood pressure and the heart rate which results in the heart working harder. It also constricts the coronary arteries which results in less supply of blood and oxygen to the heart (Black 1992). However, it is important to be aware of the nature of the various forms of heart disease, as this will increase our understanding of how smoking directly affects the working of the heart and the cardiovascular system. Heart Disease Heart disease consists of a variety of diseases that directly affect the workings of the heart. Arteriosclerotic disease is a result of the occurrence of fatty deposits inside the coronary arteries and blood vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle. When the blood supply from these vessels is slowed down or ceases, the individual will most probably experience angina or a heart attack. High blood pressure occurs when the heart encounters a higher resistance in the blood vessels outside the heart. This results in the enlargement of the heart and thickening of the heart muscle. (Cohen 1992) These factors contribute to reduced efficiency in the cardiovascular system as the heart now requires more oxygen to function and strains its muscle. It also speeds up the process of atherosclerosis by driving blood fat and cholesterol into the blood vessel walls increasing the risk of a heart attack or stroke. Heart failure occurs when the heart becomes excessively stiff or fatigued from worki ng too hard, either because it must pump against too strong a resistance or because there has been a loss of heart